Apunts Medicina de l'Esport (English Edition) Apunts Medicina de l'Esport (English Edition)
Apunts Med Esport. 2017;52:167-72 - Vol. 52 Num.196

Pautas generales en el proceso de readaptación al entrenamiento después de una lesión deportiva

Toni Caparrós a, Montserrat Pujol b, Carlos Salas c

a Insititut Nacional d’Educació Física de Catalunya (INEFC), Barcelona. SPARG Research Group, Universitat de Vic, Vic, Spain
b Consell Català de l’Esport, Generalitat de Catalunya, Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona. Departament de Fisioterapia, Facultat de Medicina y Ciències de la Salut, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya (UIC), Barcelona, Spain
c Servicios Médicos Sanitas-Real Madrid CF, Madrid. Unidad de Medicina del Deporte, Hospital Universitario Sanitas La Moraleja, Madrid, Spain

Palabras clave

Readaptación. Lesión deportiva. Planificación. Return to play. Interdisciplinar.

Abstract

Rehabilitation for return to training is an interdisciplinary, specific and individualised process that is geared towards the sportsman's optimal availability for competition after a sports injury. This process begins after medical discharge and continues up to the return to play, involving the different professionals in the field of healthcare and led by the sports physician. Planning consists of three phases, defined by muscular action (isometric, concentric and eccentric); kinetic chain (closed or open); range of movement (internal, medial, external and total); and exercise orientation (general, directed and specific). Return to play must be agreed upon on the basis of objective information on the recovery stage of the injury, the state of fitness, and the sportsman's own perception.