Apunts Medicina de l'Esport (English Edition) Apunts Medicina de l'Esport (English Edition)
Apunts Med Esport. 2016;51:131-6 - Vol. 51 Num.192

Vertical jump performance after passive static stretching of knee flexors muscles

Leonardo Mendes Leal de Souza a, Gabriel Andrade Paz b, Isabella Luiza Eloi c, Rodrigo Dias c, Marianna de Freitas Maia b, Humberto Miranda a, Vicente Pinheiro Lima c

a School of Physical Education and Sports - Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
b School of Physical Education and Sports - Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Biodynamic Laboratory of Exercise, Health, and Performance - Castelo Branco University, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
c Biodynamic Laboratory of Exercise, Health, and Performance - Castelo Branco University, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Keywords

Desempeño. Salto vertical. Estiramiento. Isquiotibiales.

Abstract

Objective

The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of passive static stretching (PSS) applied on hamstring muscles on vertical jump height (VJ) performance.

Materials and methods

Ten men and 10 women with previous experience in resistance training were volunteers, and performed two protocols on non-consecutive days: traditional protocol (TRAD) including VJ without previous PSS, and a PSS protocol, with VJ immediately after stretching.

Results

Significant differences were observed in VJ performance with PSS (53.6 ± 8.5 cm) when compared to TRAD (47.9 ± 13.1 cm) for the women's group (p = 0.021). Significant differences were also observed in the men's group with PSS (58.4 ± 12.3) versus TRAD (51.4 ± 9.6) protocol (p = 0.001).

Conclusion

These results suggest that PSS applied only on hamstring muscles may have an acute effect on increasing the VJ performance for both men and women with previous experience in resistance training.