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Vol. 54. Issue 204.
Pages 119-129 (October - December 2019)
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Vol. 54. Issue 204.
Pages 119-129 (October - December 2019)
DOI: 10.1016/j.apunts.2019.07.005
Physical fitness in Catalan children in relation to parental tobacco use and other associated factors
Nivell de condició física en infants catalans relacionat amb l'hàbit tabàquic dels progenitors i d'altres factors associats
Glòria Gómez Lópeza,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Blanca Román-Viñasa,b,c, Emilia Sánchez Ruiza
a Facultat de Ciències de la Salut Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain
b Facultat de Psicologia, Ciències de l’Educació i de l’Esport, Blanquerna Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain
c CIBERobn. Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición. Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
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Tables (6)
Table 1. Characteristics of the study population.
Table 2. Relationship between sedentary free time and sports activities and active free time.
Table 3. Physical condition and family setting.
Table 4. Physical condition and lifestyle.
Table 5. Physical condition and parental tobacco use.
Table 6. Physical condition and parental weight.
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Physical fitness level in children and adolescents is determined, partly, by the specific social and cultural context of each country. There is a lack of information about physical fitness level of Catalan children and its relation with parental socioeconomic and education level and anthropometric parameters. The aim of this study is to assess the physical fitness level of Catalan children and to examine the association with family environment and parental anthropometric characteristics and smoking.

Methods and Materials

This is an observational, cross-sectional, descriptive and analytic study of 8- and 9-year-old schoolchildren. Physical fitness level was assessed with “ALPHA-FITNESS battery” and familiar environment and progenitors’ characteristics with ALADINO family questionnaire. Differences between group means were assessed using Student’s t test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) and relation between variables by Pearson correlation coefficient.


269 children participated, 146 male (54.2%). Higher parental education level is associated to a better cardiorespiratory condition in their offspring. Those children whose fathers have higher education have a lower waist perimeter and lower body mass index. Children whose parents are not regular smokers have a better physical fitness. A positive correlation between body mass indexes of parents and children is observed, while a negative correlation between the maternal body mass index and both the musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory conditions of the children is found.


Children’s physical fitness is related with education level, body mass index and smoking pattern of their parents.

Physical fitness
Parental determinants

El nivel de condición física de la población infantil está determinado, en parte, por el contexto sociocultural específico de cada país. Hay una carencia de datos sobre el nivel de condición física de los niños catalanes y la relación de esta con las características del entorno familiar y de los progenitores. El objetivo del trabajo es medir el nivel de condición física de niños catalanes y su relación con el entorno familiar y las características antropométricas y tabaquismo de los progenitores.

Materiales y métodos

Estudio observacional transversal descriptivo y analítico de escolares de 8 y 9 años. El nivel de condición física se evaluó mediante la “Batería ALPHA-FITNESS” y las características del entorno familiar y de los progenitores con el cuestionario del estudio ALADINO. Las medias se compararon con la t de Student y el análisis de la varianza (ANOVA) y la relación entre variables con el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson.


Participaron 269 niños/as, 146 niños (54,2%). A mayor nivel de estudios de los progenitores, mayor condición cardiorespiratoria de los niños/as, mientras que el nivel de estudios del padre está inversamente relacionado con el perímetro de cintura y el índice de masa corporal. Los niños/as con padres no fumadores habituales tienen mejor condición física. Se observa una correlación positiva entre el índice de masa corporal de los progenitores y el de los niños/as, y negativa entre el índice de masa corporal de la madre y la condición musculoesquelética y cardiorespiratoria de los hijos/as.


El nivel de condición física de los niños/as está relacionado con el nivel educativo, el índice de masa corporal y el hábito tabáquico de los dos progenitores.

Palabras clave:
Condición física
determinantes parentales


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