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Vol. 56. Issue 209.
(January - March 2021)
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Vol. 56. Issue 209.
(January - March 2021)
Special article
DOI: 10.1016/j.apunsm.2020.100340
Sports in time of COVID-19: Impact of the lockdown on team activity
Javier Peñaa,b,1,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Albert Altarriba-Bartésa,b,1, Jordi Vicens-Bordasa,c,d,1, Beatriz Gil-Pugaa,b,1, Gerard Piniés-Penadésa, Clàudia Alba-Jiméneza,b, Jordi Merino-Tantiñàa, Arnau Baena-Rieraa, Eduard Loscos-Fàbregasa, Martí Casalsa,b,e
a Sport and Physical Activity Studies Centre (CEEAF), University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia (UVic-UCC), Barcelona, Spain
b Sport Performance Analysis Research Group (SPARG), University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia (UVic-UCC), Barcelona, Spain
c School of Health and Sport Sciences (EUSES), University of Girona (UDG), Salt, Spain
d Research Group of Clinical Anatomy, Embryology and Neuroscience (NEOMA), Department of Medical Sciences; and School of Health and Sport Sciences (EUSES), University of Girona, Girona, Spain
e Faculty of Medicine, University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia (UVic-UCC), Barcelona, Spain
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Tables (5)
Table 1. Number of answers received by discipline and survey respondent profile.
Table 2. Percentage of answers coming from every competitive level.
Table 3. Competitive setting and gender of the teams when the respondents were coaches and trainers.
Table 4. Number and percentage of teams carrying out physical tests before the confinement according to their competitive level and reasons not to do it, if it was the case.
Table 5. Type of tests performed by the teams according to their competitive level.
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The COVID-19 pandemic has affected many sectors of our global society since its detection in Wuhan in December 2019, and team sports have been no stranger to this reality. This special article presents a review of the literature exposing the dangers for athletes of this virus, reporting the effects of the pandemic on competitive sport, and making evidence-based recommendations to avoid the consequences of detraining in confined athletes. Furthermore, we present the results of a survey with 361 answers computed from coaches and different staff members from 26 different countries, representing the activity of more than 4500 athletes from all over the world. The aim was to know more teams’ activity during this cessation period. Finally, the article outlines recommendations based on the answers to help teams if a second outbreak of the virus forces massive confinements again, guiding a safe return to sport at any competitive level.

Sports training
Team sports


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