Publish in this journal
Journal Information
Vol. 56. Issue 211. (In progress)
(July - September 2021)
More article options
Vol. 56. Issue 211. (In progress)
(July - September 2021)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.apunsm.2021.100358
Anxiety and psychological variables of sports performance related to injuries in high-performance sportsmen
Jesús Ríos Garita,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Yanet Pérez Suritab, Ernesto Fuentes Domíngueza, Yoanny Soris Moyaa, Roswel Borges Castellanosa
a Provincial Center of Sports Medicine of Villa Clara, Cuba
b Central University "Marta Abreu" of Las Villas, Cuba
Article information
Full Text
Tables (6)
Table 1. Status of psychological variables and normality test.
Table 2. Comparison of psychological variables between sports.
Table 3. Correlation between the psychological variables studied.
Table 4. Description of sports injury history.
Table 5. Comparison of injury history between sports.
Table 6. Correlation between psychological variables and injury history.
Show moreShow less

The aim of this research is to analyze the relationships between anxiety and the psychological variables of sports performance, with the history of injuries in high-performance sportsmen.

Material and Methods

A cross-sectional and correlational study was designed selecting 63 sportsmen through a stratified random sampling (n= 21 softball, soccer and baseball respectively). To obtain the information and measure the variables, the Questionnaire on Sports Aspects and Injuries, the State -Trait Anxiety Inventory, the State in Competition Anxiety Inventory and the Psychological Inventory of Sports Execution were used. The analysis was carried out using the percentage distribution, mean, standard deviation, skewness, kurtosis, Kolmogorov - Smirnov, HSD Tukey de Anova and the Pearson correlation coefficient (p≤0.05).


Softball sportsmen present greater anxiety in competitions (baseball .000; soccer .003) and soccer players have suffered more serious injuries (baseball .008; softball .027). The psychological variables of sports performance that established a relationship with injuries showed an inverse and significant direction such as self-confidence (number of injuries .020), attention control (number .034 and severity .009), negative coping control (number .008 and severity .008) and positive coping control (number .005 and severity .012).


A low self-confidence and limited skills to control attention and emotions, make up the vulnerability of the sportsmen studied, which means that a psychological preparation focused on these psychological processes will contribute to the prevention of injuries.

Emotional control
Sports injury
High performance
Team sports


These are the options to access the full texts of the publication Apunts Sports Medicine

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option “I have forgotten my password”
Subscribe to

Apunts Sports Medicine

Phone for subscriptions and reporting of errors
From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT + 1) except for the months of July and August which will be from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Calls from Spain
932 415 960
Calls from outside Spain
+34 932 415 960
Apunts Sports Medicine

Subscribe to our newsletter

Article options

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?